The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
July 2 to July 15, 1946

NOTE: The appended List contains references to those statements by Defence witness which have not been tabled - see Note heading the Tables of Contents of the Defence Phase.

  • Session 169, July 2, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    The Katyn Forest massacre of Polish prisoners of war (concluded) (see Part 7, p. 16 and Part 15)

    Oral evidence of witnesses for the Defence see Part 17

    Oral evidence of witnesses for the Prosecution
    Boris Bazilevsky - see Part 17
    Dr. Marko Antonov Markov - see Part 17; concluded
    Dr. Victor Ilich Prosorovski, Professor of Forensic Medicine

    The case for NEURATH (supplemented)

    Submission of documents Oral evidence of defendant Neurath on plans for Germanization of Czech people (see Part 17)

    Submission of supplementary documents by Defence Counsel for: Donitz on U.S. submarine warfare against Japan - interrogatory of Fleet Admiral Nimitz, C.-in-C. U.S. Pacific Fleet; on Katyn case

    Funk; Rosenberg; Frank.

  • Session 170, July 3, 1946 (Part 1 of 10)

    Goering on Stalag Luft III case and lynch law against "terror flyers" - interrogatory of General Koller

    Ribbentrop; Raeder; Keitel; Kaltenbrunner; Frick; Sauckel; Seyss-Inquart; Fritzsche; Speer; Streicher.

    by Prosecution in rebuttal

    The case for BORMANN (concluded)

    Oral evidence of Erich Kempka, Hitler's chauffeur, on defendant Bormann's presumable death on 1.5.45 (see Part 17)

  • Session 171, July 4, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Concluding Speeches by Defence:

    on the legal issue of breach of peace - Prof. Jahrreiss:
    under International Law: Paris Pact of 1928 and collective security system: Its political and legal shortcomings; Its failure in the test case of the Italo-Abyssinian conflict. Violations of International Law - incompatibility of international criminal procedure with concept of sovereignty of a national State.
    under National Law: The " Fuehrerprinzip" - Germany's development from a, constitutional State into a Hitler monocracy; Incompatibility of individual functionaries' responsibility with dictatorship

    on behalf of defendants
    GORING (see Part 4; Part 6; Part 7; Part 8; Part 9)

    Roots of National Socialism; Argument on the Charter and legal principle "nulla poena sine lege"; on concept of Conspiracy.

  • Session 172, July 5, 1946 (Part 1 of 9)

    Scope of defendant's position; Efforts for peaceful settlement of Polish question; Economic exploitation; The Stalag Luft III case; Lynch law against "terror flyers"; Gestapo and concentration camps; Jewish question; Katyn case.

    HESS - Tribunal rejects as irrelevant Counsel's argument on Versailles Treaty and instructs him to recast his speech

    RIBBENTROP (see Part 4; Part 10; Part 11)

  • Session 173, July 8, 1946 (Part 1 of 12)

    Appraisal of defendant's part in acts of aggression from 1938 to 1941; Argument on concept of aggressive war.

    War Crimes, particularly treatment of "terror flyers"; Argument on concept of Conspiracy.

    KEITEL (see Part 4; Part 5; Part 6; Part 7; Part 10; Part 11)

    Argument against defendant's knowledge of Hitler's aggressive intentions; Rearmament - its defensive nature; Reich Defence Council.

    Hitler decree of 4.2.38 on reorganisation of German Armed Forces: scope of defendant's position and influence; Appraisal of witness Gisevius's testimony (see Part 12), and credibility.

  • Session 174, July 9, 1946 (Part 1 of 11)

    Argument on doctrine of superior orders; "Night and Fog" decree; Deportation for forced labour; of Jews; Prisoners of war - The Stalag Luft III case.

    KALTENBRUNNER (see Part 3; Part 5; Part 11)

    Defendant's personality and scope of his position; His attitude to protective custody and concentration camps; to terror measures; to Jewish question.

    ROSENBERG (see Part 4; Part 6; Part 11; Part 12)

    Limitations of defendant's position and responsibilities as Minister for the Eastern Occupied Territories; His struggle against Reich Commissioner Koch's terror policy.

  • Session 175, July 10, 1946 (Part 1 of 5)

    International Law and deportation for forced labour; Persecution of Jews; of Church; "Einsatzstab Rosenberg"; Defendant's role in Norway operation.

    His ideology and National Socialist doctrines; Race question.

  • Session 176, July 11, 1946 (Part 1 of 9)

    FRANK (see Part 4; Part 7; Part 12)

    Argument against defendant's participation in a common plan; His legal principles.

    Infringements on his authority as Governor General, particularly by the police; Argument on probative value of his diary and against individual responsibility under International Law.

    Germanization; A.B. (Extraordinary Pacification) Action; Jewish question - its final solution; Forced labour.

    FRICK (see Part 4; Part 12)

    Argument on Article 6 of Charter and on ex post facto law; Domestic administration: Defendant's tasks and activities - no link with aggressive plans; Administration of occupied territories - its independence of defendant's Ministry of Interior.

    Denial of responsibility for Gestapo and concentration camps; for extermination of Jews; for "euthanasia" measures.

    Defendant's figure-head position as Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.

    STREICHER (see Part 4; Part 12)

  • Session 177, July 12, 1946 (Part 1 of 8)

    Defendant's attitude to Jewish question and his lack of effective influence on German people and Nazi Party - argument against causal nexus between defendant's activities and Nazi crimes against European Jewry; Hitler's and Himmler's exclusive responsibility for issue and execution of extermination order.

    FUNK (see Part 4; Part 13; Part 14)

    Limited range of defendant's Party activities; of his State positions.

  • Session 178, July 15, 1946 (Part 1 of 10)

    Forced labour; Jewish question - November 1938 pogrom; SS gold deposits in Reichsbank.

    SCHACHT (see Part 4; Part 12; Part 13)

    Appraisal of Hitler's demoniac personality and of his influence on defendant.

    Jewish question; Rearmament - obsolescence of international treaties.

    Argument against defendant's conspiracy with Hitler and on its incompatibility with his conspiracy against Hitler.

    DONITZ (see Part 4; Part 13; Part 14)

    Interpretation of International Law on submarine warfare.

    (For continuation of speech, see Part 19.)

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