The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
January 21 to February 1, 1946

(Versión en Español)
  • Session 39, January 21, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    ECONOMIC LOOTING (continued) (M. Gerthoffer): General remarks on the measures employed by the Germans in occupied territories (concluded): Black market - its organisation by the Germans and their clandestine purchases.
    Review of Hague Regulations relating to economic questions and discussion of criminal responsibility for violation of international conventions
    Detailed presentation of economic looting and its effect on national wealth and public health: Denmark, Norway, The Netherlands, Belgium (M. Delpech)

  • Session 40, January 22, 1946. (Part 1 of 8)

    Detailed presentation of economic looting and its effect on national wealth and public health: Luxembourg, France (M. Gerthoffer)

  • Session 41, January 23, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    Defendant Hans FRITZSCHE (Captain Sprecher): List of his positions; His part in the Conspiracy as leading Nazi propagandist - Press and radio campaigns for psychological preparation of aggression against Bohemia-Moravia, Poland, Yugoslavia; His complicity in War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity - instigation, through propaganda broadcasts, of atrocities against Jews; of ruthless measures against the peoples of the Soviet Union. Defendant Franz von PAPEN (Major Barrington): Brief history (since 1932) of his career as unscrupulous political opportunist; His conspiratorial contribution to Nazi acquisition and consolidation of power. Declaration by Defence Counsel Dr. Horn that defendant Hess desires to conduct his own defence. Defendant Franz von PAPEN (concluded) (Major Barrington): His activities as German Minister in Vienna: political planning and preparing of aggression against Austria. Defendant Constantin von NEURATH (Sir David Maxwell Fyfe): List of his positions; His participation in the Conspiracy as Minister for Foreign Affairs: execution of Hitler's foreign policy for preparing war (see Part I p. 153); Crimes against Peace: His policy of fraudulent assurances; His complicity in aggressive action against Austria

  • Session 42, January 24, 1946. (Part 1 of 7)

    Defendant Constantin von NEURATH (Sir David Maxwell Fyfe): Crimes Against Pease: against Czechoslovakia; His responsibility as Reich Protector for Bohemia and Moravia for policies involving War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity. Counts THREE and FOUR (continued): Crimes against Persons (M. Dubost): Underlying policy: Extermination of all opponents; Seizure and execution of hostages: Keitel orders; Lists of hostages and rules on their selection for execution; Review of numbers of French victims; The executions of Chateaubriand and Bordeaux hostages. Arrests and torture: Arrest of high ranking Officers; Arbitrary application of "protective custody"

  • Session 43, January 25, 1946. (Part 1 of 7)

    Crimes against Persons (M. Dubost): Uniform use of extremely cruel tortures to force confessions and to obtain information; Responsibility of defendants Bormann, Kaltenbrunner and Keitel. Oral evidence of French citizen Maurice Lampe on Mauthausen Concentration Camp. Deportation and internment in concentration camps: (M. Dubost): Assembly camps - shocking conditions at Breendonck camp in Belgium; Convoys of deportees

  • Session 44, January 28, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    Oral evidence: of Mme Claude Vaillant Couturier, French, member of the Resistance; of Jean Frederic Veith, French; of Dr. Victor Dupont, French; of Francois Boix, Spanish, ex-member of Spanish Republican Army on Auschwitz, Ravensbruck, Mauthausen and Buchenwald concentration camps.

  • Session 45, January 29, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    Oral evidence: of Hans Cappelen, Norwegian on treatment of Norwegians in prisons and concentration camps; of Paul Roser, French n treatment of French prisoners of war in reprisal camps; of Dr. Alfred Balacbowsky, French, Head of Pasteur Institute, in Paris, on experiments on Buchenwald concentration camp inmates. Deportation and internment in concentration camps (concluded) (M. Dubost). Review of numbers of deportees from Western Countries

  • Session 46, January 30, 1946. (Part 1 of 7)

    Exploitation of concentration camp inmates as forced labour: Prisoners of war: Inhuman methods of treatment. The Tribunal, not allowing defendant Hess to be unrepresented, appoint Dr. Stahmer as his Counsel. Capture of French troops after the armistice. Massacre of Commandos and lynching of Allied airmen.

  • Session 47, January 31, 1946. (Part 1 of 8)

    Internment in concentration camps and execution of escaped prisoners of war after their recapture. Criminal responsibility of defendants and indicted Groups involved in concentration camp atrocities. Members of the Resistance-their terroristic repression: Executions without trial or after mock trial by courts of summary jurisdiction; Reprisals : Deportation of relatives-The case of General Giraud's family; Wanton destruction without military necessity: Bombing of Rotterdam; Devastation of places and massacre of civilian population; The case of Oradour-sur-Glane

  • Session 48, February 1, 1946. (Part 1 of 8)

    Concluding remarks on Article 6 of the Charter and proposed verdicts of guilty against individual defendants and indicted Groups and Organisations
    Germanisation (M. Faure): Introductory remarks on Germanisation as a means of implementing Nazi annexation and domination plans. Germanisation of annexed territories: BELGIAN Cantons of Eupen, Malmedy and Moresnet; Abolition of national sovereignty: by introduction of German law; by imposition of German nationality. FRENCH Departments of Alsace and Lorraine: Denationalisation: Elimination of French nationality, law, language, names, etc. and obliteration of French culture.
    Nazification: Reorganisation of administrative and teaching system on German lines, extortion of loyalty declarations; Introduction of German law; Political oppression-Nazi Party as sole association; Imposition of German nationality-liability to labour service and military service: Changing trend in German naturalisation policy; Severe penalties against recalcitrants and reprisals against their families.
    Oral evidence of Emil Reuter, President of the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies, on Germanisation of de facto annexed Luxembourg: Transplantation and colonisation: Expulsion of undesirables and seizure of their property for German settlers; Stripping of industrial enterprises.

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