The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

The Trial of German Major War Criminals

Sitting at Nuremberg, Germany
January 7 to January 19, 1946

(Versión en Español)
  • Session 28, January 7, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Nuremberg: CRIMINALITY OF INDICTED GROUPS AND ORGANISATIONS (concluded). General Staff and High Command (concluded) (Colonel Taylor):
    Responsibility for crimes under Counts Three and Four of the Indictment: Killing of Commandos and members of Military Missions, Enforcement of Hitler's Commando Order of 18.10.42, Case of General Dostler, Co-operation of German Armed Forces with S.S. and S.D. in anti-partisan warfare on the Eastern front; extermination of political and racial undesirables Oral evidence of Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, S.S. Obergruppenfuehrer and General of Waffen S.S., on anti-Partisan warfare. Presentation of supplementary evidence on suppression of the Church and persecution of the clergy (Colonel Wheeler) within Germany.

  • Session 29, January 8, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Presentation of supplementary evidence on suppression of the Church and persecution of the clergy (Colonel Wheeler) in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland; Appraisal of Hitler's "Mein Kampf" as blueprint of Nazi aggression (Major Elwyn Jones)
    Nuremberg tribunal, War crimes, crimes against humanity INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DEFENDANTS Introductory remarks Sir David Maxwell Fyfe: Defendant Hermann Wilhelm GOERING (Mr. Albrecht): Crimes against Peace: Consolidation of Nazi power by terrorism: Establishment of Gestapo and concentration camps; Rohm purge of 30.6.34; His Ro1e: in preparing German economy for aggression (Four Year Plan); in acts of aggression from 1938 to 1941. War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity - his complicity: in slave labour programme; in illegal use of prisoners of war; in looting of art treasures; in spoliation of Poland and Soviet territories; In elimination of Jews from economic life and in their physical annihilation.
    Defendant Joachim von RIBBENTROP (Sir David Maxwell Fyfe): Survey of his various offices; His responsibility under Count Two: for acts of aggression from 1938 to 1941

  • Session 30, January 9, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Defendant Joachim von RIBBENTROP (Sir David Maxwell Fyfe): Survey of his various offices; His responsibility under Count Two: for exhorting Japan to aggression; for planning War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: Fostering of Lynch law against Allied airmen; Laying legal basis for destruction of conquered peoples; Persecution of Jews
    Defendants Wilhelm KEITEL and Alfred JODL (Mr. Roberts): Their responsibility as Chief of the High Command and Chief of Operations Staff respectively for the crimes charged against High Command and General Staff (see above). Defendant Keitel's further responsibility: for "Night and Fog" decrees; for ruthless action in the "Barbarossa" campaign; for reprisals against relatives of Frenchmen fighting for Russians
    Defendant Alfred ROSENBERG (Mr. Brudno): Brief history of his political career; His participation in preparation for aggressive war: Psychological: as official ideologist of the Nazi Party; promotion of basic Nazi doctrines (living space idea, neo-paganism, Anti-Semitism, etc.). Economic-political: as head of A.P.A. (Foreign Affairs Bureau of the Nazi Party): economic penetration and political and cultural infiltration of foreign countries (Balkans, Norway, etc.). Organisational structure and scope of his Ministry for the Eastern Occupied Territories and his responsibility for its activities

  • Session 31, January 10, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Defendant Hans FRANK (Lt.-Colonel Baldwin): His culpability as leading Nazi Jurist: implementation of Nazi programme in the field of law and legal theory (his principle: Right is what benefits, wrong what harms, the German nation); His responsibility as Governor General for application of this principle in occupied Poland: Annihilation of Jews; Reduction of the Government General to a German colony: Draining of food resources - population left to starvation and disease; Resettlement of racial Germans - dispossession of Polish peasants; Seizure of Polish property and labour
    Defendant Julius STREICHER (Lt.-Colonel Griffith-Jones): His responsibility as "Jew Baiter Number One" for Crimes against Humanity: Incitement of German people to and poisoning of German youth with violent Anti-Semitism, promoting persecution of the Jews-first elimination and then extermination - in his newspapers, particularly "Der Sturmer," and in his speeches
    Defendant Hjalmar SCHACHT (Lieutenant Bryson): His activities in support of Hitler's rise to power; His complicity in Crimes against Peace by economic preparation for war (see Part 1): His devices of credit expansion for financing rearmament; His totalitarian control over and mobilisation of German economy: as Minister of Economics; as Plenipotentiary General for War Economy

  • Session 32, January 11, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    His expansionist attitude and statements. The motives behind his retirement-no repudiation of Hitler's aggressive policy
    Defendant Walter FUNK (Lieutenant Meltzer): His contribution to Nazi seizure of power by raising Party funds; His responsibility: for elimination of the Jews from cultural and economic life; for financing war preparations. Oral evidence of Czechoslovak citizen Dr. Franz Blaha, ex-inmate of Dachau concentration camp, on experiments and extermination methods at Dachau

  • Session 33, January 14, 1946. (Part 1 of 5)

    Defendant Karl DONITZ (Colonel Phillimore): Appraisal of defendant Donitz as commander of the U-Boat arm and as a fanatical Nazi. Crimes against Peace: His participation in planning and waging aggressive war against Poland, Denmark and Norway . War Crimes: His increasingly ruthless conduct of U-boat warfare- its 3 stages: Sinking of merchant ships without warning and without regard to human life; Abstention from rescuing crews; Deliberate extermination of survivors - presentation of the following oral evidence: Oral evidence of Peter Josef Heisig, Lieutenant in the German Navy
    Announcement by the Tribunal regarding indicted Organisations

  • Session 34, January 15, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Defendant Karl DONITZ (concluded) Colonel Phillimore: Oral evidence of Karl-Heinz Moehle, Lieutenant- Commander in the German Navy. War Crimes: Presentation of documentary evidence for deliberate extermination of survivors; Enforcement of Hitler's Commando Order of 18.10.42
    Defendant Erich RAEDER (Major Elwyn Jones): Brief history of his naval career; His part in the Conspiracy and in Crimes against Peace: Secret rearmament of the Navy; His masterly technique of deceit in concealing the expansion of the Navy in the "Athenia" case; His complicity in the invasion of Denmark and Norway and in the attempts to induce Japan to aggression. War Crimes: His over-all responsibility for every intensification of sea warfare "suited to the situation"; Enforcement of Hitler's Commando Order of 18.10.42
    Defendant Baldur von SCHIRACH (Captain Sprecher): Survey of his Party and State offices; His part in the Conspiracy as Youth Leader: Indoctrination of German youth in Nazi ideology and their preparation for aggressive war; Destruction of independent youth organisations and their incorporation into the Hitler Youth; Hitler Youth as recruiting agency for the S.S. and as training agency for the Armed Forces

  • Session 35, January 16, 1946. (Part 1 of 11)

    Crimes against Humanity: His responsibilities as Gau leader and Reich Governor of Vienna: for execution of slave labour programme; for persecution of Church and Jews
    Defendant Martin BORMANN (Lieutenant Lambert): Review of his career as one of the principal architects of the Conspiracy: His part: in the suppression of the Christian church and religion; in the persecution of the Jews, increasing in brutality after the outbreak of war. War Crimes-his responsibility: for draining occupied territories of goods and commodities; for use of prisoners of war as forced labour and for their inhuman treatment; for organised lynching of Allied airmen. Crimes against Humanity: His complicity in the ruthless execution of the slave labour programme
    Defendant Artur SEYSS-INQUART (Lieutenant Atherton): List of his positions. His part in the Conspiracy and in Crimes against Peace: Quisling role in the "Anschluss" of Austria; Summary review of his activities: as Deputy Governor General of occupied Poland; as Reich Commissar of the Netherlands: Spoliation of Dutch property; Deportation of Dutch citizens for slave labour in Germany; Relentless persecution of Jewish Netherlanders and their eventual deportation to the East for annihilation
    Defendant Wilhelm FRICK (Dr. Kempner): His main legislative activities as a member of the Conspiracy: Abolition of civil liberties; Centralisation of police; Racial persecution. His complicity: as General Plenipotentiary for the Administration of the Reich in preparing Germany for aggressive war; as Reich Minister of the Interior in killing persons useless to the German war machine (secret "euthanasia" law - Hadamar case). His responsibilities as Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia

  • Session 36, January 17, 1946. (Part 1 of 10)

    Opening statement on doctrinal roots of National Socialism and its cult of race and strength (M. F. de Menthon). Review of international developments since Germany's withdrawal from the Disarmament Conference. Outlawry of war by International Law - accountability of responsible individuals. Totalitarian war, its methods and aims, as a manifestation of Nazi doctrine: Forced labour service of foreign workers and prisoners of war for Germany's war effort-responsibility of defendant Sauckel; Systematic economic looting-approximate value of German seizures. Crimes against persons: Execution of hostages; Arrests and torture; Deportation and internment in concentration camps; Massacre of prisoners of war and members of the Resistance. Crimes against human status: Germanisation: Denationalisation and Nazification Abolition of public freedoms. Brief history of warnings addressed to Nazi Germany since beginning of hostilities-international definition of War Crime. Responsibility of the individual defendants and of the indicted Groups and Organisations. Introductory remarks on forced labour and economic looting in Western Europe (M. E. Faure): Hague Conventions relating to requisitions in kind and of services; Initial reassuring proclamations by German occupation authorities to camouflage real intentions

  • Session 37, January 18, 1946. (Part 1 of 9)

    Seizure of material and human resources without regard to legal limitations. Forced Labour (M. J. Herzog): Utilisation of foreign civilian workers and of prisoners of war for war work - Increasingly ruthless methods of "voluntary" recruitment and later of compulsory enrolment, and results achieved - Moral and material pressure - Deportation, working and living conditions of deportees - Activities of defendant Fritz SAUCKEL and his individual responsibility as General Plenipotentiary for the Employment of Labour

  • Session 38, January 19, 1946. (Part 1 of 5)

    Economic Looting (M. C. Gerthoffer): General remarks on the measures employed by the Germans in occupied territories: Seizure of means of payment; Rigid control over industrial enterprises

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