The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Fifty-Fifth Day: Saturday, 9nd February, 1946
(Part 2 of 5)


I wish to read into the record four lines from Paragraph 3 of this Count which begins on Page 219 of your document book. This concerns the Polish-German declaration of 26th January, 1934:

"Both governments are convinced that the relations between their respective countries will in this manner develop fruitfully, and lead to the establishment of neighbourly relationships which will contribute to the well-being, not only of both their countries, but of the other peoples of Europe as well."
The defendant von Neurath signed this declaration on behalf of Germany. I now deem it necessary to read into the record an excerpt from a declaration made by the defendant Goering during his visit to Warsaw on 16th February, 1937. You will find this excerpt which I want to quote on Page 220, Volume II, Part 1, of the document book. Goering made this declaration to the representatives of the Polish Government. I quote:
"On the German side, there is no desire whatever to deprive Poland of any part of her territory. Germany is completely reconciled to her present territorial status. Germany would not attack Poland, and has no intention of seizing the 'Polish Corridor.' We do not want the 'Corridor.' I say sincerely and categorically that we do not need the `Corridor.' Just as Germany trusts and believes that Poland has no intention of seizing

[Page 213]

Eastern Prussia and the remaining part of Silesia, so can Poland believe that Germany has no intention of depriving her of any rights and possessions."
I think that Paragraph 6 of the Polish official report also deserves to be read in full (this paragraph is on Page 220 of your document book):
"Point 6: On 5th November, 1937, the Polish and German Governments issued identical declarations concerning the treatment of minorities. The declaration concludes with the following passage: 'The above principles should in no way affect the duties of the minorities, of complete loyalty to the State to which they belong. They have been inspired by a desire to secure for the minorities equitable conditions of life, and harmonious collaboration with the nationals of the State in which they live -- a state of affairs which will contribute to the progressive strengthening of the friendly and good-neighbourly relations between Poland and Germany.'"
On 2nd September, 1939, Polish anti-aircraft units brought down a German aircraft near Poznan. A secret order issued by the Wehrmacht was found on the pilots. It contained, among others, the following sentence (this quotation you will find on Page 224, Volume I, Part 2 of the document book):
"Reservists of German race will attempt to avoid being mobilised in the Polish Army, and should join the German Army."
Then follows the detailed enumeration of insignia by which all people "who assist the German Army" would be recognised. The order states that they will be supplied with arms -- I quote one paragraph as it is stated in the original Polish report on the same page, i.e., 224.
"(2) For weapons -- pistols of type Nos. 14 and 34 and also, in certain cases, with grenades of the Czech type."
It is quite obvious that the latter was done for the purpose of provocation. The order bore the signature of "Major Reiss."

Inasmuch as this fact is ascertained in the manner provided for by Article 21 of the Charter, I request you to accept the fact stated by me as evidence.

I wish to submit to the Tribunal one more excerpt from Exhibit USSR 93. The part quoted is on Page 7, Paragraph 23, and it bears the customary red pencil mark used in our work for convenience. You will find that quotation on Page 223, Volume I, Part 2, of the document book:

"Evidence gathered by the Polish Army in the course of the campaign of September, 1939, indicates the following:

(a) As regards the diversionist activities in South-western Poland, those activities were organised beforehand and were only carried out by agents dropped by parachutes. German espionage was organised by special emissaries posing as traveling teachers, trained spies and diversionists. Every year a number of young Germans would leave every German colony to proceed to the Reich. There they received special training, and upon their return to Poland, did penance. They contacted the local authorities, told them about Fascist cruelties, and expressed their joy at having returned to their 'dear Homeland.' But these same Germans retained constant contact with their agents in Germany, and supplied them with information either by mail or through the traveling teachers.

(b) Besides the agents who were recruited among the young people and appointed to collaborate with the German section of the population, there also existed a group of leaders and instructors, consisting of officers who were supplied with passports, and who came to Poland long before the outbreak of hostilities."

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Thanks to evidence discovered in the course of investigation, the Polish Government has ascertained that the main diversionist nucleus consisted of Hitler Youth groups known as the "Hitler Jugend." The defendant Schirach was, as we know, the leader of this Fascist organisation.

In Paragraph 21 of our Exhibit USSR 93, we find information on this subject, which deserves to be read into the record(Volume I, Part 2, Page 223). Here are the details relating to the organisation of the system of diversionist activities:

"(a) The agents were recruited mainly from among the groups of young people known as the `Hitler Jugend,' and also from amongst men and women, mainly of German nationality, who were recruited in Poland.

(b) Special courses, lasting from two weeks to three months, were organised for these agents on Reich territory.

(c) The members of these courses were split up into two categories: The first consisted of individuals possessing a thorough knowledge of the Polish language, who were entrusted with special missions to be carried out in the rear of the Polish Army. The second category consisted of individuals who were to mingle with the crowds of Poles fleeing from the war and the air raids.

(d) Shortly before the war, the students went through an additional course of instruction in special camps, where they were assigned to 'districts for diversionist activities.'"

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