The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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         Nazi Conspiracy & Aggression, Supplement B
           The Extermination of Jews at Auschwitz

     Excerpts from Testimony of Oswald Pohl, taken at
     Nurnberg, Germany, 3 June 1946, 1400-1700, by
     Col. John Amen, Lt. Col. Smith W. Brookhart,
     Jr., and Robert M.W. Kempner. Also present: Lt.
     Joachim von Zastrow and Bert Stein,
     Interpreters; Anne Daniels, Reporter.
Q. You brought Hoess into your Division D, Subdivision I.

A. Yes.

Q. What had he done before that?

                                            [Page 1582]

A. Before that he was commandant of Auschwitz.

Q. And while he was commandant of Auschwitz, what had been
his responsibility there?

A. The same as the position of all other commandants, at
first, and then he was employed by the Reichsfuehrer SS in
the final solution of the Jewish question.

Q. And what was that?

A. The extermination of Jewry.

Q. By what manner or means?

A. As it has been done.

Q. Tell us about it.

A. Jews were brought to Auschwitz and were gassed there.

Q. How many and over what period, were gassed there; and
what was done with the bodies?

A. I don't know.

Q. How did Hoess carry out his end of the program at Auschwitz?

A. He carried out the liquidation of the Jews.

Q. And how many did he liquidate there?

A. I really will have to estimate that; I don't know the

Q. Well then, I will ask you for your estimate.

A. I have talked to Gluecks about it, but even he did not
know the exact figure. We estimated -- and Gluecks thought
- about three million. [See document 3868-PS, vol. VI, p.

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