The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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   Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, Volume One, Chapter 11


Nazi conquest was marked by the establishment of
concentration camps over all of Europe. The following report
on the location of concentration, camps, signed by Pohl, an
SS General who was in charge of concentration camp labor
policies, indicates the scope of these activities:

     "1. At the outbreak of war there existed the following
     concentration camps:
     a Dachau, 1939, 4,000 prisoners, today 8,000.
     b Sachsenhausen, 1939, 6,500 prisoners, today 10,000.
     c Buchenwald, 1939, 5,300 prisoners, today 9,000.
     d Mauthausen, 1939, 1,600 prisoners, today 5,500.
     e Flossenburg, 1939, 1,600 prisoners, today 4,700.
     f Ravensbrueck, 1939, 2,500 prisoners, today 7,500.
     "2. In the years 1940 to 1942 nine further camps were

                                                  [Page 960]
     erected, viz.:
     a. Auschwitz (Poland)
     b. Neuengamme
     c. Gusen (Austria)
     d. Natzweiler (France)
     e. Gross-Rosen
     f. Lublin (Poland)
     g. Niederhagen
     h. Stutthof (near Danzig)
     i. Arbeitsdorf." (R-129)

In addition to these camps in occupied territory, there were
many others. The official report by the Headquarters, Third
US Army, Judge Advocate Section, War Crimes Branch, contains
the following evidence:

     "Concentration Camp Flossenburg was founded in 1938 as
     a camp for political prisoners. Construction was
     commenced on the camp in 1938 and it was not until
     April 1940 that the first transport of prisoners was
     received. From this time on prisoners began to flow
     steadily into the camp. *** Flossenburg was the mother
     camp and under its direct control and jurisdiction were
     47 satellite camps or outer-commandos for male
     prisoners and 27 camps for female workers. To these
     outer-commandos were supplied the necessary prisoners
     for the various work projects undertaken.
     "Of all these outer-commandos Hersbruck and Leitmeritz
     (in Czechoslovakia), Oberstaubling, Mulsen and Sall,
     located on the Danube, were considered to be the
     worst." (2309-PS)

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