The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: miscellany/homosexuals/homosexual.001

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Holocaust Almanac: The Fate of the Homosexuals
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Keywords: Auschwitz,Dirlwanger,Flossenburg,homosexual,Ravensbruck
Organization: The Nizkor Project (CANADA)

Archive/File: miscellany/homosexuals/homosexual.001
Last-Modified: 1994/04/18

"A few remarks are in order about the various sex relationships in
concentration camps. I start out with the homosexuals since they were
accorded a special category among the inmates and `merited' a separate,
pink triangle. ...

"Very little has been written about the tens of thousands of homosexuals who
were the damnedest of the damned, the outcasts among the outcasts in the
concentration camps. There are really only estimates of figures. During the
twelve years of Nazi rule, nearly 50,000 were convicted of the crime of
homosexuality. The majority ended up in concentration camps, and virtually
all of them perished. <84> According to a recent study, `at least 500,000
gays died in the Holocaust.' <85> As Stefan Lorant observed in 1935, the
homosexuals `lived in a dream', hoping that the heyday of gays in Germany
of the 1920s would last forever. Their awakening was terrible. <86> Yet,
the few survivors among them did not qualify for postwar restitution as the
Jews or the politicals, because as homosexuals they were outside the law.
By German law, homosexuality was a crime. After the prison sentences most
homosexuals were automatically shipped to concentration camps. In 1935, a
new law legalized the `compulsory sterilization (often in fact castration)
of homosexuals.' <87> A special section of the Gestapo dealt with them.
Along with epileptics, schizophrenics and other `degenerates', they were
being eliminated. Yet homosexuality was still so widespread that in 1942
the death penalty was imposed for it in the army and the SS.

"In concentration camps, some pink triangles became concubines of male kapos
or other men in supervisory positions among the inmates. They were known as
doll boys; <88> this brought them certain protection while the love affair
lasted. The pink triangles were constantly abused by the SS, camp officials
and fellow prisoners. They were seldom called other names than arse-holes,
shitty queers or bum-fuckers. They were allowed to talk only to each other,
they had to sleep with the lights on and with hands above their blankets.
These people were not child molesters; those were considered professional
criminals, green triangles.

"While men with pink triangles were given the hardest jobs and were being
constantly abused for their admitted sexual preference, considerable numbers
of `normal' men engaged in homosexual acts with impunity -- that was an
emergency outlet. This double standard was an additional psychological
burden for the pink triangles.

"The SS considered it great sport to taunt and torture the homosexuals. The
camp commander at Flossenburg often ordered them flogged; as the victims
were screaming, he `was panting with excitement, and masturbated wildly in
his trousers until he came,' unperturbed by the hundreds of onlookers. <89> 
A sixty-year-old gay priest was beaten over his sexual organs by the SS
and told: `You randy old rat-bag, you can piss with your arse-hole in the
future.' He could not, for he died the next day. <90> Eyewitnesses tell of
homosexuals being tortured to death by tickling, by having their testicles
immersed alternately into hot and icy water, by having a broomstick pushed
into their anus. <91>

"Himmler, who wanted to eradicate homosexuals `root and branch', had the
idea to `cure' them by mandatory visits to the camp brothel at Flossenburg.
Ten Ravensbruck women provided the services with little success. The women
here also were told that they would go free after six months, but instead
they were shipped to Auschwitz. <92>

"The pink triangles worked in the clay pits of Sachsenhausen, the quarries
of Buchenwald, Flossenburg and Mauthausen; they shoveled snow with their
bare hands in Auschwitz and elsewhere; they were used as living targets at
the firing range; they had the dirtiest jobs in all camps. Towards the end
of the war, they were told that they would be released if they let
themselves be castrated. The ones who agreed were shipped to the infamous
Dirlwanger penal division on the Russian front. <93>"

<84> Kogon, Eugen. "The Theory and Practice of Hell" (New York: Ferrar,
     Straus, 1950), p.38
<85> Rector, Frank. "The Nazi Extermination of Homosexuals" (New York:
     Stein and Day, 1981), p.116
<86> Lorant, Stefan. "I Was Hitler's Prisoner" (New York: G.P. Putnam's
     Sons, 1935), p.8
<87> Heger, Heinz. "The Men with the Pink Triangle" (Boston: Alyson, 1980)
     , p.12. This is a unique memoir of an Austrian who spent six years in
     Sachsenhausen and Flossenburg, surviving as a lover of camp kapos, and
     ultimately as one of the very few kapos with a pink triangle.
<88> Rector, p. 144
<89> Heger, p.56
<90> Ibid., p.42
<91> Ibid., p.82-83
<92> Ibid., p.96
<93> Ibid., p.98

Edited and introduced by Vera Laska.   Greenwood Press, Westport & London,
1983.  LOC 82-12018, ISBN 0-313-23457-4

Home ·  Site Map ·  What's New? ·  Search Nizkor

© The Nizkor Project, 1991-2012

This site is intended for educational purposes to teach about the Holocaust and to combat hatred. Any statements or excerpts found on this site are for educational purposes only.

As part of these educational purposes, Nizkor may include on this website materials, such as excerpts from the writings of racists and antisemites. Far from approving these writings, Nizkor condemns them and provides them so that its readers can learn the nature and extent of hate and antisemitic discourse. Nizkor urges the readers of these pages to condemn racist and hate speech in all of its forms and manifestations.