The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: documents//calendar/0331

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism,soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: March 31
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Nizkor Project

[Follow-ups set]

March 31


The Hungarian decree (No. 1.240/1944) "Concerning the
Marking of Jews for Purposes of Their Differentiation" is
published in Budapesti Kozlony: Hivatalos Lap (The gazette
of Budapest: Official journal). Other decrees require travel
restrictions, expropriation of bicycles and cars, a night
curfew, and confiscation of telephones; in general, they
exclude Jews from economic life in Hungary. (USHMM 1994, 34-35)

The construction office at Auschwitz renames the prisoner-of-war 
camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, previously known as KGL
(Kriegsgefangenenlager), as Lager II Birkenau. At the same
time, the Political Department at Auschwitz I reviews all
prisoner records; those prisoners designated "SB"
(Sonerbehandlung, or special treatment) and "GU" (gesonderte
Unterbringung, or separated housing) are driven to the
crematoria, where they are killed. (USHMM 1994, 35)

German Minister Jenke reports to the Foreign Office from
Ankara about negotiations with the Red Cross regarding the
emigration of about fifteen hundred Romanian Jews to
Palestine, for which Turkey has made a ship available. The
Turkish foreign minister requests German agreement and
recommendations concerning a place of embarkation along the
Black Sea. The German Foreign Minister Joachim von
Ribbentrop subsequently informs the Turks that the venture
is not possible because of the risk of espionage and for
naval strategic reasons. (Ibid.)

Also in March, 1944

The Germans promulgate a new law in France, punishing anyone
who helps the resistance (maquisards) with death... "Night
and Fog" (NN) prisoners, suspected members of the anti-Nazi
resistance in occupied western Europe, are transferred to
the Esterwegen concentration camp, one of the so-called Moor
camps located near Oldenburg, which had originally been
opened for German political prisoners in August 1933....A
decision is made to stop construction of Birkenau compound
BIII, also known as "Mixiko," so that prisoners can be
reassigned to Auschwitz subcamps for forced labor in the
armaments industry.... The Norwegian government-in-exile in
London calls on Norwegian men to boycott the German labor
service. Most eligible men either hide or escape to
Sweden.... A Swiss police directive of Decembere 29, 1942,
requiring that "in every case, care must be taken to see
that refugees who must be turned back receive no opportunity
to communicate directly or indirectly with anyone" remains
in force, but is now to be interpreted "leniently." ...The
remaining Jews of Cracow are taken to Plaszow concentration
camp. In Cracow, Oscar Schindler protects five hundred Jews
as workers in his kitchen-utensil factory....Eichmann's
representative in Italy, Friedrich Bosshammer, launches a
campaign against ill and infirm Jews. Invalids and Jews of
mixed parentage in Bologna are arrested and sent to Fossoli
transit camp. (USHMM 1994, 35)

                         Work Cited
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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