The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: documents//calendar/0324

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism,soc.history,soc.culture.jewish
Subject: Holocaust Calendar: March 24
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Nizkor Project

[Follow-ups set]

March 24


The [United States] State Department is informed in a cable
from the World Jewish Congress office in Geneva that
"massacres [are] now reaching catastrophic climax
particularly in Poland"; it urges Allied action to exchange
European Jews for Germans held in Allied countries. (USHMM
1993, p. 28)


At the Ardeatine caves near Rome, 335 hostages, seventy of
them Jews, are massacred in reprisal for an attack on March
23 on a German police unit as they marched through the Via
Rasella in Rome; thirty-three German policemen were killed.
One of the massacred victims, Aldo Finzi, a convert to
Christianity, was a high-ranking official in the Interior
Ministry during the early days of the Fascist regime. (USHMM
1994, 33)

President Franklin D. Roosevelt warns Hungarian authorities
not to persecute Jews and condemns the Nazis and their
allies for heinous crimes. According to the New York Times
of March 25, 1944, Roosevelt states: "In one of the blackest
crimes of all history...the wholesale systematic murder of
the Jews of Europe goes on unabated every hour. As a result
of the events of the last few days, hundreds of thousands of
Jews, who while living under persecution have at least found
a haven from death in Hungary and the Balkans, are now
threatened with annihilation as Hitler's forces descend more
heavily upon these lands. That these innocent people, who
have already survived a decade of Hitler's fury, should
perish on the very eve of triumph over the barbarism which
their persecution symbolizes, would be a major tragedy." FDR
warns Hungary against collaboration with Germany, declaring
that "none who participate in these acts of savagery shall
go unpunished." (Ibid., 33-34)

March 24-25, 1944

Greek, stateless, and foreign Jews in occupied Greece
(reportedly 4,700 persons, 550 of them in the Athens area)
are arrested by the German police and Security Service (SD).
Among those arrested are 132 Spaniards, 40 Turks, 19
Portugese, 2 Hungarians, and other foreign Jews. After
repeated representations by the Turkish consulate general,
the SD aggress to release all Turkish Jews for
transportation to Turkey. All Jews with the exception of the
Turks and those from enemy countries are deported on april
2. Higher SS and Police Leader Major General Juergen Stroop,
who was responsible for the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto
in 1943, is in charge of the deportation. The Spanish and
Portugese Jews are diverted from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen,
arriving there on April 16. (USHMM 1994, 34)

                       Work Cited

USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Revolt Amid the Darkness: Days of Remembrance,
   April 18-25, 1993. Washington, D.C.: 1993
USHMM (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). Fifty
   Years Ago: Darkness Before Dawn: Days of Remembrance, April
   3-10, 1994. Washington, D.C.: 1994

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